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What Canadians Eat... - Restless Heart
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What Canadians Eat…


Recently there was a TIME photo series being shared on Facebook that showed different families around the world and what their food consumption for one week looked like. One of the pictures was of a Canadian family from Iqaluit who had a table spread with veggies and meat and potatoes and some packaged foods but when asked listed narwhal and polar bear as some of their favorite food. The aim of the photo series was not to  represent what families in each country ate but to “raise awareness about how environments and cultures influence the cost and calories of the world’s dinners.” And yet the comments section was full of people complaining that they didn’t like the picture, that it didn’t represent them or Canadians and that most Canadians weren’t “weirdos” that ate that strange food and that they were Canadian and they ate a “typical” “normal” diet. As well as missing the point of the photo series, these commentators also had a rather city-centric assumption that all Canadians eat the same thing and that there is such a thing as a typical Canadian diet. And honestly I’m kind of pretty disappointed that some Canadians think our diet is so boring  and want it to be represented as such. Having traveled all across Canada I’ve seen a lot of variety in diet across and up and down our great big country so I’m not really sure what the typical Canadian diet they are referring to is. C’mon fellow Canadians let’s embrace our exciting dietary uniqueness!


I’ve been to all the provinces and territories except the North West Territories, Nunavut and PEI ( Someone please send me there and help complete my goal to see all the provinces and territories?) including big cities and more remote areas and I have discovered that Canada is full of unique eating habits that vary just as much as it’s landscape varies across the great big country that it is.


I discovered a different way of living life and a different way of eating when I moved to the subarctic, “La Grand Nord” of Quebec 3 years ago. I’m not quite in the arctic where the family in the photo series lived but more in the middle, on the border of Labrador and Quebec. There are no roads leading to the community so the food that is brought in once a week is expensive. But the native families that live here have managed to hold onto some of their traditions and supplement the food bought at the grocery store by fishing and hunting. Their diet regularly contains fish from the local lakes, blueberries picked in the summer time, Ptarmigan ( a partridge like northern bird that is considered like chicken here – if you feel a cold coming on, you will be urged to have some ptarmigan to help ward of your cold along with some Labrador tea also locally harvested), caribou, and geese (in fact everything in the community shuts down in May for the goose hunt). I wouldn’t have thought of myself as someone who supported hunting or would actually try to hunt myself until I accompanied a friend on a hunting trip and saw the honorable way the hunters treated the animal. Everything that was hunted was shared with others in the community and in particular with the elders. Compared to meat purchased in a grocery store, these animals lived in freedom, were killed with respect and as little suffering as possible and every part was used for food or to make something.



Arctic Char, Ptarmigan dumpling, caribou steak and ribs, caribou heart with rice, served with bannock


Native Canadians are not the only ones that still live off the land to some degree. I met a lot of Newfoundlanders and Labradorians while working in Labrador who also hunt and fish and even grow their own food. I asked the central Newfoundland guy I was dating once what his favorite food was and he said, moose and salmon. He meant, of course, fresh and caught or hunted by himself, not frozen and bought from a grocery store. While I was visiting Newfoundland myself, I was invited to a dinner of local rabbit and root vegetables that was delicious and hardy. No wonder most of the Newfoundlanders I’ve met are such warm, comfortable, welcoming, hardy people. Newfoundlanders have a unique culture and in my opinion, Newfoundland and Quebec are actually the most alike provinces in that they each have held onto a unique culture, including language, food, and other traditions. I heard this sentiment expressed when I visited Newfoundland and told people I met that I was from Quebec. We understood each other through our differences, and maybe that is why Newfoundland is the province outside of my own home province that feels the most like home.

Newfoundland has many unique food dishes that I had a chance to try while eating at Newfoundlander run work camp while working in Labrador and while visiting the island itself. Some of my favorites: Fisherman’s Brewis, a dish made of hard bread and fish served with molasses (that I for months thought was called fisherman’s bruise), Cod au Gratin, and my most favourite the traditional boiled Jigg’s Dinner consisting of boiled root vegetables, cabbage, salt beef and sometimes even turkey.



Chowder, Fisherman’s Brewis, and Cod au Gratin



Clam and seafood chowder at @ 2 Doors Down in Halifax



Even when growing up in a big city like Montreal, there was no “typical diet” in my own Canadian family. My mother’s  family is from the Maritimes and my father’s family is Quebecois. When my mother cooks, she likes to make wholesome stews and soups, and when we talk about food she’ll reminisce about clam digging in New Brunswick. When I traveled on my own through the Maritimes  I felt so at home even though I knew no one there that my mother said, “maybe it’s in your genes”. Maybe it is, certainly the food seemed so much like home to me.





My Grandmother’s Cipate

When I spend time with my father’s family my grandmere makes tortiere and we always do a fondue with different meats such as beef, elk, deer, partridge,  some of which my uncle has often hunted himself. On Christmas Eve, we stay up for a réveillon and have a Cipâte as our Christmas dinner instead of the typical turkey dinner. It’s like a big meat stew baked with a pie like crust over top and usually contains several types of meat such as beef, pork, rabbit, or chicken.







Lobster guedille and poutine

Living in very multicultural Montreal our diet would also often be influenced by the area we lived and the people that lived there. When we lived in Jewish neighborhoods we ate ate onion rolls and karnatzels for lunch.

When we lived in Asian areas, we ate more stir fries and noodles and rice. We weren’t rich and we ate was available locally for cheap. My parents used to make this dish that was made of bean sprouts, green beans, chicken, and mini matzo croutons all stir fried together and seasoned with soy sauce and served with rice. I imagine it came to existence as a throw whatever was in the cupboard together meal but I still have cravings for that strange Asian Jewish accidental fusion food to this day. Of course as a Quebecer I also eat my fair share of poutine!




While traveling out west I’ve had amazing scallops and salmon in Vancouver plus the best Thai food I’ve ever had in Canada. And you can’t beat the freshness of the beef and the juicy bison burgers in Alberta. I haven’t spent as much time getting to know the centre of the country yet but would love to go on future trips to do so.

That’s just a few examples to show some of the uniqueness of what Canadians eat in the places I’ve spent the most in. I’m sure there’s so much more to discover in the provinces and territories that I’ve yet to have the chance to try or haven’t visited yet. Not to mention all the people that come from other cultures and bring their food traditions. I hope this shows just how interesting our diet can be and that there is no one way that Canadians eat.

And really would you want to see a pic of the boring family that eats the so called “regular” diet? I think it’s fitting that they chose an Inuit family, after all their diet is probably the most representative of original Canadian eating habits.


indian taco

Bonus pic: “Indian Taco” made by my Mohawk friend. Mmmm so good!



  • anotherclosethippie

    17.01.2016 at 21:15 Reply

    *At the risk of sounding like a total ignoramus*

    I had no idea there were so many fascinating Canadian dishes. I really did think something like “an extension of American food”.

    But the culture just bursts out of the food you mentioned. Fascinating post.

    • restlessheart

      18.01.2016 at 22:26 Reply

      Thanks for reading! I’m glad you liked it! I think it’s a pretty common assumption that Canadian food is boring and certainly sometimes we do eat boring(but yummy) stuff like pizza and hamburgers and that’s why I wanted to do this post, to show there are actually a whole lot of interesting dishes out there and a lot of regional variety.

  • Bailey K.

    13.04.2016 at 14:43 Reply

    Oh my gosh that “Indian taco” looks AMAZING!

  • Ivy

    13.04.2016 at 17:55 Reply

    The Maritimes have never been on the top of my list (domestic travel is so goddamn expensive in Canada, argh!) but I’d totally go for the lobster! I live in Vancouver and we’re blessed with some pretty amazing restaurants here because of cultural diversity. Make sure you stop by Miku and Kingyo/Suika the next time you’re here! And Tuc Craft!

    • Jasmine @ Restless Heart

      14.04.2016 at 10:52 Reply

      I adore the Maritimes and Newfoundland, they have a really unique spirit! Thanks for the recommendations!

  • aberkholtz

    13.04.2016 at 19:54 Reply

    OK STOP RIGHT THERE…..I’ll have one Lobster guedille and poutine please!! Holy crap that looks amazing!! I never really knew what Canadians ate, so thanks! 🙂

  • Pinay Flying High

    14.04.2016 at 01:05 Reply

    That is so weird that some Canadians would think that their diet is THE ONLY diet of everyone else. Of course there will be variations if there’s none, then it would be a pretty boring country. 🙂

    • Jasmine @ Restless Heart

      14.04.2016 at 10:51 Reply

      My thoughts exactly! But they were actually putting down the fact the photo was of a family that ate some foods that some people weren’t familiar with so I had to write this.

  • Jo

    14.04.2016 at 04:18 Reply

    Okay I had no idea that chowder and clams/seafood were popular. I would’ve guessed steak,though!
    Everything look scrumptious.

    • Jasmine @ Restless Heart

      14.04.2016 at 10:24 Reply

      Thanks! Yes, in the east coast/Maritimes/Newfoundland area, chowder and seafood is really popular, my mother grew up digging mussels and clams and making chowder!

  • abcdeghizzy

    14.04.2016 at 04:51 Reply

    My favorite dish in the whole world is POUTINE! And I once traveled ten hours across the American-Canadian border from Boston to Montreal just to buy “real” poutine and I went back the next day. Border patrol was not impressed 😛 I think I remember this TIME photo essay series and it bothers me how so many people misunderstood the intent of the series but good for you for creating positive, enlightening dialogue regarding the subject! You should watch Matty Matheson’s ‘Keep It Canada’ food show on Vice Munchies. He travels around Canada to explore the best of Canadian cuisine. Its by far one of my favorite food-related series. You can watch it here: 🙂

    • Jasmine @ Restless Heart

      14.04.2016 at 10:22 Reply

      Haha poutine is the best! Totally worth the trip. Thanks for the show recommendation, I love food shows!

  • Cynthia

    14.04.2016 at 14:18 Reply

    I’m from Canada and I didn’t even know poutine was Canadian until my American cousin had no idea what a poutine was haha. It’s so amazing how you’ve almost been to most of the provinces and territories of Canada. I need to travel around Canada more!

    • Jasmine @ Restless Heart

      18.04.2016 at 10:37 Reply

      Wow, I practically grew up on poutine! You definitely should travel around Canada, each province has its own specialness. I just need to go to Northwest Territories and Nunavut now.

  • Kevin Wagar

    14.04.2016 at 16:09 Reply

    One thing that is great about being Canadian is that. being a young country, it’s food is incredibly diverse. There are some incredible dishes and I think the dishes preferred by the natives are often overlooked even by the locals.

  • Hung Thai [Up Up and a Bear]

    14.04.2016 at 19:18 Reply

    Ahhh yes, the problem with any kind of “list” like what the TIME magazine did is that people tend to generalize and pinpoint the specifics rather than backing up to look at that big picture. They probably just saw the pictures and ignored to read the text. Great job putting this together to showcase the different foods.

    • Jasmine @ Restless Heart

      18.04.2016 at 10:38 Reply

      Thanks, it is so true that so many people don’t read these days! On the plus side, they got me riled up enough to write this post.

  • Cassie

    15.04.2016 at 02:46 Reply

    Ah, this is great, but as a fellow Canuck, you’ve missed half the country! What about Alberta beef ??! Pierogies? And the all important learning French from the back of a cereal box 😉

    • Jasmine @ Restless Heart

      18.04.2016 at 10:32 Reply

      I did mention Alberta beef and bison burgers near the end, I just don’t have any photos because I ate it all up before taking one. I’ll have to try the perogies next time I head out west!

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